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Travel and Tourism in India

India is an exotic tourist destination offering a lot of tourism options such as cultural tourism, historical tourism, adventure & sport tourism, wildlife tourism, hill station tourism, special interest tourism, medical tourism, heritage tourism, rural tourism, green tourism, beach tourism, eco tourism, etc. India tourism is very popular among tourists from all over the world. In fact, travel and tourism in India has various tastes to match the need of every tourist. India is the land of diversity which can be seen its culture, tradition, and geography. Unity in Diversity perfectly suits with India. And it is its diversity which makes it one of the prime tourist destinations in the world.

There are several options for to do and see in India. One can be perplexed during India tours what to see or what to not. To avoid being perplexed, one can travel to India with the help of tour operators or travel agents offering several tailor-made and customizable India tour packages. You can choose India tour package according to your choice and preferences. By doing this you can enjoy travel and tourism in India in more and more convenient ways. Wildlife tour packages, birding tour packages, adventure tour packages, historical & culture tour package, monuments tour packages, etc are very popular tour packages for exploring the beautiful landscapes of India.

First of all we discuss about Indian culture. It is said that a country is best known by its culture. And no any other country in the world you can find so rich culture as India has. Every year many cultural enthusiastic tourists visit India and know and learn about rich Indian culture. The rich culture of India plays a vital role to deserve the attentions of travelers. One of the best ways to know about Indian culture is visiting its several cultural heritage sites. Taj Mahal, Rajasthan monuments, Ellora caves, Elephanta caves, Ajanta caves, Mysore palace, Fatehpur Sikri, Varanasi temples, Khajuraho temples, Konark temples, etc are some world famous cultural heritages of India. If you too are interested in Indian culture, You must Visit south India tours.

Hill stations, beaches, backwaters, snow-capped Himalayan peaks, wildlife parks & sanctuaries, etc are also very popular among tourists and also in honeymooners or newly-wedded couples. India hill stations are known for their cool climate and superb natural beauty. They provide perfect ambiance for celebrate your holidays in lap of nature. Goa beaches and Kerala beaches have top priority on every India tour itinerary.

Pilgrimage centers of India are also very popular among local as well as foreign tourists. There are several globally known pilgrim centers in the country which appeal the attentions of people of all faith across the world for India pilgrimage tours. Pushkar temples, Ajmer Dargah, Varanasi temples, Khajuraho temples, Konark temples, etc are some major pilgrimage centers of the country which are admired by people of all faiths.

If you too have decided to visit India, welcome, first of all select a right tour operator or travel agent and book your India tour package well in advance so that you can explore the beautiful landscapes of India in more and more convenient ways.

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Qualities You Need to Work in the Travel and Tourism Industry

The travel industry is a multi-billion dollar, global and ever growing industry with many opportunities for work and advancement professionally and benefits to those who work in the industry and their families. The advantage with working in the industry is that there are certain basic qualities that once learned in one area of the industry will be useful should you choose to work in another area of the industry. For example if you work as an air hostess, some of the skills and qualities you acquire will be useful whether you choose to work later on in the hotel industry, as a travel consultant or even as a tour guide. Below are some of the qualities that are needed for you to succeed in this industry.

• A sincere interest in the people you are serving and a willingness to help them. This is very important because the people who you will be serving are different. For example there are those who may know exactly what they want, but there are also those who are not sure what they want and who you have to really spend time and go into details with. If you don’t have an interest in serving and helping people you will soon get tired and want out. On the other hand if you like helping people you can find your job very satisfying.

• Paying attention to detail. This is also very important if you are to avoid making costly mistakes in your job. Most of the time your job will deal with having to fulfil customer requests. For example if a customer wants to travel to one part of the country or world and you are not a person good at paying attention to details, you may find you have taken him or her to another part of the world (a very costly mistake). The good thing is that this is a skill that can be learned. Being organised, a good listener and asking where you do not understand can help you avoid mistakes that are costly.

• A good temper and a positive attitude to deal with whatever situation may come up in your day to day job. Dealing with people can sometimes be difficult and especially unpleasant people. There are the complainers and those who are hard to please (fortunately there are those customers who are very pleasant to deal with). A good temper will go a long way in helping you to deal with the complainers and on the days when things do go wrong.

• Presentable. Remember you represent the image of your company. So in the way you dress and groom you need to appear professional. And it is always good to smile when serving customers. People notice when you smile and are welcoming and just the way you present yourself can mean a repeat customer and respect from both your superiors and colleagues at work.

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History of Travel & Tourism

2000 years Before Christ, in India and Mesopotamia

Travel for trade was an important feature since the beginning of civilisation. The port at Lothal was an important centre of trade between the Indus valley civilisation and the Sumerian civilisation.

600 BC and thereafter

The earliest form of leisure tourism can be traced as far back as the Babylonian and Egyptian empires. A museum of historic antiquities was open to the public in Babylon. The Egyptians held many religious festivals that attracted the devout and many people who thronged to cities to see famous works of arts and buildings.

In India, as elsewhere, kings travelled for empire building. The Brahmins and the common people travelled for religious purposes. Thousands of Brahmins and the common folk thronged Sarnath and Sravasti to be greeted by the inscrutable smile of the Enlightened One- the Buddha.

500 BC, the Greek civilisation

The Greek tourists travelled to sites of healing gods. The Greeks also enjoyed their religious festivals that increasingly became a pursuit of pleasure, and in particular, sport. Athens had become an important site for travellers visiting the major sights such as the Parthenon. Inns were established in large towns and seaports to provide for travellers’ needs. Courtesans were the principal entertainment offered.

 

This era also saw the birth of travel writing. Herodotus was the worlds’ first travel writer. Guidebooks also made their appearance in the fourth century covering destinations such as Athens, Sparta and Troy. Advertisements in the way of signs directing people to inns are also known in this period.

The Roman Empire

With no foreign borders between England and Syria, and with safe seas from piracy due to Roman patrols, the conditions favouring travel had arrived. First class roads coupled with staging inns (precursors of modern motels) promoted the growth of travel. Romans travelled to Sicily, Greece, Rhodes, Troy and Egypt. From 300 AD travel to the Holy Land also became very popular. The Romans introduced their guidebooks (itineraria), listing hotels with symbols to identify quality.

Second homes were built by the rich near Rome, occupied primarily during springtime social season. The most fashionable resorts were found around Bay of Naples. Naples attracted the retired and the intellectuals, Cumae attracted the fashionable while Baiae attracted the down market tourist, becoming noted for its rowdiness, drunkenness and all- night singing.

Travel and Tourism were to never attain a similar status until the modern times.

In the Middle Ages

Travel became difficult and dangerous as people travelled for business or for a sense of obligation and duty.

Adventurers sought fame and fortune through travel. The Europeans tried to discover a sea route to India for trade purposes and in this fashion discovered America and explored parts of Africa. Strolling players and minstrels made their living by performing as they travelled. Missionaries, saints, etc. travelled to spread the sacred word.

Leisure travel in India was introduced by the Mughals. The Mughal kings built luxurious palaces and enchanting gardens at places of natural and scenic beauty (for example Jehangir travelled to Kashmir drawn by its beauty.

Travel for empire building and pilgrimage was a regular feature.

The Grand Tour

From the early seventeenth century, a new form of tourism was developed as a direct outcome of the Renaissance. Under the reign of Elizabeth 1, young men seeking positions at court were encouraged to travel to continent to finish their education. Later, it became customary for education of gentleman to be completed by a ‘Grand Tour’ accompanied by a tutor and lasting for three or more years. While ostensibly educational, the pleasure seeking men travelled to enjoy life and culture of Paris, Venice or Florence. By the end of eighteenth century, the custom had become institutionalised in the gentry. Gradually pleasure travel displaced educational travel. The advent of Napoleonic wars inhibited travel for around 30 years and led to the decline of the custom of the Grand Tour.

The development of the spas

The spas grew in popularity in the seventeenth century in Britain and a little later in the European Continent as awareness about the therapeutic qualities of mineral water increased. Taking the cure in the spa rapidly acquired the nature of a status symbol. The resorts changed in character as pleasure became the motivation of visits. They became an important centre of social life for the high society.

In the nineteenth century they were gradually replaced by the seaside resort.

The sun, sand and sea resorts

The sea water became associated with health benefits. The earliest visitors therefore drank it and did not bathe in it. By the early eighteenth century, small fishing resorts sprung up in England for visitors who drank and immersed themselves in sea water. With the overcrowding of inland spas, the new sea side resorts grew in popularity. The introduction of steamboat services in 19th century introduced more resorts in the circuit. The seaside resort gradually became a social meeting point

 Role of the industrial revolution in promoting travel in the west

 The rapid urbanisation due to industrialisation led to mass immigration in cities. These people were lured into travel to escape their environment to places of natural beauty, often to the countryside they had come from change of routine from a physically and psychologically stressful jobs to a leisurely pace in countryside.

Highlights of travel in the nineteenth century 

·        Advent of railway initially catalysed business travel and later leisure travel. Gradually special trains were chartered to only take leisure travel to their destinations.

·        Package tours organised by entrepreneurs such as Thomas Cook.

·        The European countries indulged in a lot of business travel often to their colonies to buy raw material and sell finished goods.

·        The invention of photography acted as a status-enhancing tool and promoted overseas travel.

·        The formation of first hotel chains; pioneered by the railway companies who established great railway terminus hotels.

·        Seaside resorts began to develop different images as for day-trippers, elite, for gambling.

·        Other types of destinations-ski resorts, hill stations, mountaineering spots etc.

·        The technological development in steamships promoted travel between North America and Europe.

·        The Suez Canal opened direct sea routes to India and the Far East.

·        The cult of the guidebook followed the development of photography.

 

 

Tourism in the Twentieth Century

 

The First World War gave first hand experience of countries and aroused a sense of curiosity about international travel among less well off sector for the first time. The large scale of migration to the US meant a lot of travel across the Atlantic. Private motoring began to encourage domestic travel in Europe and the west.  The sea side resort became annual family holiday destination in Britain and increased in popularity in other countries of the west. Hotels proliferated in these destinations.

The birth of air travel and after

The wars increased interest in international travel. This interest was given the shape of mass tourism by the aviation industry. The surplus of aircraft and growth of private airlines aided the expansion of air travel. The aircraft had become comfortable, faster and steadily cheaper for overseas travel. With the introduction of Boeing 707 jet in 1958, the age of air travel for the masses had arrived. The beginning of chartered flights boosted the package tour market and led to the establishment of organised mass tourism. The Boeing 747, a 400 seat craft, brought the cost of travel down sharply. The seaside resorts in the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Caribbean were the initial hot spots of mass tourism.

A corresponding growth in hotel industry led to the establishment of world-wide chains. Tourism also began to diversify as people began to flock alternative destinations in the 70s. Nepal and India received a throng of tourists lured by Hare Krishna movement and transcendental meditation. The beginning of individual travel in a significant volume only occurred in the 80s. Air travel also led to a continuous growth in business travel especially with the emergence of the MNCs.

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5 Corporate Gift Ideas for the Travel and Tourism Industry

What you hand out to vendors, clients, employees, and others you come strike up a business relationship with, does matter. If you hand out something they have no functional use for and do not want to use, then you are tossing your money in the trash. That is exactly what they are going to do with it: toss it in the trash. If you do not want to throw good money into the trash, consider some of these corporate gifts perfectly tailored to those in the travel and tourism industry.

1. Fabric Shopping Bags

This is an eco-friendly gift that anyone working in a kitchen or restaurant will use. Even someone running a bed and breakfast or working in a hotel may make use of this. In fact, anyone who eats will at some point find a use for a fabric shopping bag. You can find these in attractive colors and patterns, such as colorful strips. Throw on your branding and location information and you have a corporate gift that will be used time and again.

2. Pedometers

How many miles does a room service worker walk a day? How about a customer service agent or a bell hop? When you hand out pedometers, you will encourage employees and clients to put their activity level to the test and start thinking about their fitness. This is something many people are now purchasing in stores, so it will get some good use when you hand it out to clients and employees. This is also a corporate gift that makes a great giveaway or prize at company parties. You may even use it as a reward for friendly competitions held between employees or departments.

3. Small Notepads with Cover and Pen

This is such a simple corporate gift, but it is something that anyone in the tourism or travel industry can always use. How many times have you been away from your desk or on a phone call when you needed to write something down fast? Those are the instances when having something small with a pen attached is very convenient. Your clients and employees will always find a reason to whip this out and make a note.

4. Wheel Clock

This is a unique corporate gift that you will not find selling through every gift retailer. You shouldn’t have to look too hard for it, but it isn’t the most common item available. That is a good thing, because it means everyone else in your industry is not purchasing them as well. When you do find them, these clocks are perfect for anyone involved with the travel or driving end of the industry. It will especially be appreciated by those who drive a truck, shuttle bus, or other vehicle for a living.

5. Passport Holders

This is perfect for anyone in the travel industry! You spend so much of your time dealing with passports, whether it is checking them or helping someone find one that has been lost. This is a great corporate gift that can be handed to guests, employees, clients, or anyone else you come in contact with on a daily basis. It is also a very affordable corporate gift.

You work in a very unique industry, so you should be handing out very unique corporate gifts. This list should give you some idea of what is out there for you.